Osteomyelitis: Osteomyelitis is
often caused in another part of the body and spreads to the bone via the
blood. Affected bones are normally predisposed to infection because of recent
trauma. In children long bones are usually affected while in adults, the
vertebrae and the pelvis are more commonly affected. Bone infection can also
be caused by bacteria or fungus. When the bone is infected pus is produced
within the bone, which results in an abscess. The abscess then deprives the
bone of its blood supply. Chronic osteomyelitis results when bone tissue dies
as a result of the lost blood supply and chronic infection persists
intermittently for years. Risk factors are recent trauma, diabetes,
hemodialysis, and intravenous drug abuse. Patients who have had their spleen
removed are at higher risk for osteomyelitis.
The skin normally has different types of bacteria but normal and intact skin
is an effective barrier that keeps bacteria from entering inside the body.
When there is a break in the skin bacteria can enter the body and cause
infection and inflammation. The skin tissues in the infected area become red,
hot, irritated and painful. Cellulitis is more common on the face and lower
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID):
Pelvic inflammatory disease is a general term for infection of the uterus, the
fallopian tubes, or the ovaries. The organisms involved include
Chlamydia, gonorrhea, mycoplasma, staphylococcus, streptococcus. The most
common cause of PID is sexual transmission. Also bacteria can enter the body
after IUD insertion, childbirth, abortion either therapeutic or elective, and
endometrial biopsy. In America about 1 million women develop PID each year.
Risk factors for developing PID include sexual activity during adolescence,
multiple sexual partners, past history of PID, past history of STD (sexually
transmitted disease), and the use of non barrier type contraceptives. Use of
an IUD increases the risk of developing PID at the time of IUD insertion. Oral
contraceptives in some cases enhance cervical ectropion, a condition that
allows easier access to tissue by bacteria. Oral contraceptives may in other
cases have a protective role against developing PID because they stimulate the
body to produce a thicker cervical mucous, which is harder for semen that may
contain bacteria to penetrate.
Retroperitoneal inflammation: This is
occurs in the retroperitoneal space. The retroperitoneal space is in front of
the lower back and behind the abdominal lining which is the peritoneum.
How do you find out what is causing your Leg Pain? Doctor's diagnose the causes of
leg pain by taking a comprehensive medical history by asking you a series of detailed questions about the
leg pain, your general health, your family history, your health risks, and much more. Based on this they then order a series of tests to further investigate what the think might be the problem, known as their differential diagnosis.
YourDiagnosis takes a very comprehensive medical history online using easy to understand questions which you can answer by just clicking on the relevant answers. Once completed it provides a comprehensive list of differential diagnoses as well as a detailed Personal Health Summary
which you can take to your physician. You can also use it to store your medical
history and symptoms history that can be used by your physician(s) at a later
date. This would help you as you will not miss providing important information
to the different doctors you visit.